Table of contents:
Video: Could Smoking And Low Carb Diet Affect Complications Of COVID-19?
Could Smoking and Low Carb Diet Affect Complications of COVID-19?
All over the world, scientists are looking not only for effective methods of treatment, but also for the prevention of coronavirus. Two articles in scientific journals are devoted to reducing the risks of morbidity and severe course of COVID-19, one of them raised doubts among experts.
Photo: CC0 Public Domain
Until recently, there was a hypothesis in the scientific community that nicotine protects against coronavirus. So, at the end of April, doctors at the Parisian hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière published the results of a study that greatly encouraged smokers: out of 350 hospitalized, only 4.4% had this addiction. Out of 80 patients who were treated on an outpatient basis, 5.3% constantly smoke.
However, the WHO later published a review of peer-reviewed studies that, in one way or another, assessed the role of nicotine in the severity of the disease, drawing an unambiguous conclusion: smokers are at increased risk during a pandemic. The survey indicates that up to 18.5% of those hospitalized with COVID-19 smoke regularly.
A new study by researchers at the University of California, The University of California, assessed the risk of severe infection among young people, taking into account various factors. The researchers conducted a survey of 8,000 participants between 18 and 25 years old to determine their vulnerability to coronavirus, CNN reports.
As it turned out, almost every third participant (32%) from a medical point of view has an increased risk of serious complications and death from COVID-19 if infected. When the researchers excluded smokers from the analysis, the percentage of young people vulnerable to infection fell by half to 16%.
The researchers found that 32% of the total population studied were medically vulnerable to complications from COVID-19. When the researchers excluded participants who smoke cigarettes or vapes from the analysis, the percentage of medically vulnerable people halved to 16%.
“Smoking can have a significant impact on the health of young people,” the authors write.
Another hotly debated topic remains the role of nutrition in reducing the risk of severe coronavirus. Australian science journalist Marianna Demasi wrote an article for BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine in which she stated that a low-carb diet could potentially improve metabolism, thereby protecting against dangerous complications and mortality from COVID-19. As an argument, Demassi cites data that people with obesity and cardiovascular diseases are at risk for coronavirus. A low-carb diet can help reduce weight and control blood sugar.
This method of preventing coronavirus has caused great doubts among specialists. According to Caroline Apovian, director of the Boston Medical Center's Nutrition and Weight Management Center, any healthy diet can support the immune system, but none has been proven effective in fighting the new virus.
“Don't worry about carbohydrate intake during a pandemic, unless your doctor has advised you to reduce the amount,” says the doctor.
Popular by topic
Dyes and preservatives may be responsible for some of the drug side effects
Diseases of the oral cavity can be both a cause and a consequence of somatic pathologies
What gives the body quitting smoking
Research has often touted chocolate as a prevention tool for heart disease. But nutritionists have many questions for him
New evidence suggests keeping 1-2 meters of distance may not be enough to prevent infection