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Video: New Superheroes: Medical Worker Day Is Celebrated In Russia
New superheroes: Medical Worker Day is celebrated in Russia
This year the professional holiday of health workers is of particular importance: the COVOD-19 pandemic has revealed the strongest and weakest points in health care, forcing to rethink the role of doctors. Today, medical workers save not only the health and lives of millions of people - the state of the world economy and the most important social processes depend on their work.
A team of surgeons / Photo: pixabay.org 2073
MedPortal has collected the most important facts about Russian medicine in 2020 - both sad and encouraging.
Every 15th COVID-19 death in the country is a doctor
The highest mortality rate of Russian medical workers from coronavirus has become one of the most pressing topics in recent months, largely due to the fact that official data contradict information from the doctors themselves. In April, Russian doctors created a "Memory List" - an open document in which they enter data on their dead colleagues. On April 30, there were 74 names in the list, and as of May 21, the drafters of the document had already added 255 names to it. Mediazona journalists have calculated that every 15th COVID-19 death in the country is a health worker. This is 16 times more than in six countries where the epidemic has reached comparable proportions.
As of June 21, there are already 474 names from Russia on the Memory List.
Until recently, the authorities denied the scale of the disaster: on May 25, the head of Rospotrebnadzor, Anna Popova, announced on the Russia-1 TV channel that the death rate of medical workers during a pandemic did not differ from other periods.
Last Thursday, the head of Roszdravnadzor, Alla Samoilova, during an online conference announced the deaths of 489 medical workers - these figures are less than in the unofficial "Memory List", but, perhaps, the state authorities decided to abandon the silence strategy.
The reason why doctors are massively infected with the infection is obvious: since the beginning of the pandemic, Russian hospitals have faced an acute shortage of protective equipment. The director of the Cancer Prevention Foundation, Ilya Fomintsev, who, together with his colleagues, created a consulting service "What to do" to help doctors, said in May that hospitals throughout the country lack basic PPE - respirators, glasses, protective screens. At best, they were allocated to "covid" hospitals, and in medical institutions that are not officially involved in the fight against the pandemic, they were not at all.
“The idea of dividing hospitals into covid and non-covid hospitals seems crazy to me. Any number of cases when patients infect staff. Glasses, respirators, screens, protective suits are now needed by all doctors,”Fomintsev said.
The actual salaries of health workers are significantly lower than the official figures
Even before the pandemic, the earnings of medical workers were a burning issue: even according to the most optimistic official figures, they earn much less than their Western counterparts.
According to Rosstat, the average salary of a doctor in Russia is 80.8 thousand rubles. This is almost two times higher than the national average - 46.7 thousand. But judging by the salaries offered in vacancies, the official figures exceed the real ones by one and a half to two times. In some regions - three times. So, according to the database of advertisements of the site "Work in Russia", employers offer doctors in Dagestan an average salary of 14,700. But if you believe Rosstat, Dagestani doctors earn an average of 46.7 thousand rubles.
Medium-level medical personnel were even less fortunate: according to official data, nurses and paramedics earn 39.6 thousand rubles, which is 15% less than the average Russian salary. The employer's ads offer an average of 24.4 thousand rubles per month. In some regions, for example, in the Kostroma and Pskov regions, the republics of Dagestan and Mari El, nurses' earnings do not exceed 13-15 thousand rubles.
The situation with the salaries of medical workers has worsened in recent months, when specialists throughout the country did not receive the promised additional payments for work in covid hospitals. Numerous reports of non-payment of compensation were published in social networks, federal and regional media. After that, the Investigative Committee initiated an investigation of such complaints in ten regions and even opened one criminal case after a video message from ambulance workers in Armavir.
At the end of May, Russian Health Minister Mikhail Murashko announced that all medical workers involved in the fight against COVID-19 received additional payments for April.
“On presidential payments, payments to 153,373 medical workers have been completed by April,” the minister said at a meeting of the presidium of the coordinating council to combat the spread of coronavirus.
A moratorium on criminal prosecution of doctors may be introduced in Russia
In October 2019, at the congress of the National Medical Chamber, the head of the ICR, Alexander Bastrykin, presented shocking statistics on medical crimes. In 2017, 1,791 criminal cases were initiated against doctors, in 2018 - 2,229 cases, in the first half of 2019 - 1227. At the same time, most of these claims against doctors turned out to be groundless. In 2017, only 10.2% of criminal cases reached trial, in 2018 their share was even less - 8.4%. In the first half of 2019, investigators transferred only 7.8% of criminal cases against medical workers. Thus, only in every tenth "case of doctors" there are real grounds for criminal prosecution.
One of the most resonant cases was the criminal prosecution of Elina Sushkevich, a resuscitator of the Kaliningrad Perinatal Center, who is charged with the murder of a newborn child. The baby was born on November 6, 2018 at 23-24 weeks of gestation. The resuscitation team, which included Sushkevich, was called to provide assistance, but the baby could not be saved. The Investigative Committee considered that the child was intentionally deprived of his life. Doctors all over Russia held several protests and flash mobs in support of Sushkevich, but the criminal prosecution has not been stopped and the woman is still under house arrest.
At the end of May, leading doctors and human rights activists wrote an open letter to President Vladimir Putin, in which they asked to introduce a moratorium on the criminal prosecution of doctors whose actions fall under several articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and fall on the period from March 21, 2020 until the end of the coronavirus pandemic. In other words, they asked not to touch the doctors at least during this difficult time.
“Health professionals are at the heart of the health care system, and the integrity of this health care system is more important than ever. Success in combating the pandemic depends largely on timely support from health workers to ensure their needs and legal protection. Losses from mass disruption of medical workers due to the harsh conditions and legal uncertainty can be very large, and criminal and administrative prosecutions after the end of the epidemic can significantly destabilize society and finally destroy the health care system,”the authors of the appeal write.
Russian doctors do not stop innovative activities even during a pandemic
In recent months, the news agenda has been disturbing and upsetting, so reports of the achievements of Russian doctors often go unnoticed. And they are, and what they are!
For example, in May Grigory Petrosyan, head of the admissions department of OKB # 1 in Yekaterinburg, patented a unique power trainer for recovery from injuries. The device simulates ice skating and skiing with a load on precisely those muscle groups that are involved in these sports. The essence of the classes lies in the work of antagonist muscles, which are responsible for stabilizing the position of the body and joints of a person.
According to the doctor, the idea to create a simulator came to him after a serious injury that his mother received - a fracture of the femoral neck. Elderly people take a long time to recover from injuries and are often afraid to walk again. Grigory Petrosyan wanted to create a device that would help a person with disabilities restore motor functions and strengthen the muscular system without harm to health.
In June, it became known that phlebologist Rishal Agalarov from Surgut had invented a non-stick light guide - a tool that allows you to safely enter a vein and cure it. In laser treatment of varicose veins, surgeons are faced with the problem of sticking the fiber to the vein wall, due to which a vein can rupture or a part of the fiber can be torn off. The unique coating of the device, developed by the Surgut phlebologist, will help solve this problem and increase the safety and efficiency of such procedures.
A few days later, an oncologist from Krasnodar, Sergei Yargunin, received a patent for the invention of a device that improves the outflow of lymph in the armpit in the postoperative period. The invention of the Krasnodar oncologist will help reduce the risks of complications after surgery and accelerate patient recovery. This is already the sixth invention of a doctor-innovator: earlier Sergey Yargunin developed and implemented in the regional oncological dispensary the country's first register for registering patients with melanoma.
The profession of a doctor has become more popular than the profession of a programmer
A huge contribution to the fight against coronavirus is made not only by medical workers, but also by students of medical universities. According to the Ministry of Health, about 41,000 students, residents and postgraduates are helping doctors in Russian hospitals today. According to the Minister of Health Mikhail Murashko, only students who voluntarily agree to work in the "red zones" work.
Despite the enormous hardships that befell doctors during the pandemic, the prestige of the profession has grown significantly in recent months - many graduates want to become superheroes. According to a study by the SuperJob website, in 2020, universities that teach doctors are very popular among potential applicants to higher educational institutions - 21% of high school students expressed a desire to devote their lives to medicine. At the same time, only 15% plan to become programmers, although, as you know, working conditions and earnings in the IT sector are among the highest.
“Have medical students changed over the past twenty years? I will say this: at all times, people are the same, and there are those who want to study, know how to receive information, and there are people who do not need anything and they accidentally ended up in a medical university, '' a cardiologist, candidate of medical sciences, associate professor told MedPortal Anton Rodionov, Department of Faculty Therapy No. 1, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Sechenov University. - I have many students, whom I am proud and admired, and I can say one thing: don't worry, the medicine of the future is in good hands. The main thing is not to lose these hands. I graduated from the university in 1998, when there was a very difficult situation, and many of my classmates and classmates, including very talented ones, left medicine for economic reasons. I would like to avoid this."