Bacteria For Skin Beauty And Health

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Bacteria For Skin Beauty And Health
Bacteria For Skin Beauty And Health
Video: Bacteria For Skin Beauty And Health
Video: Beauty & the Bacteria | Episode 3 2023, February
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Bacteria for skin beauty and health

For a long time, dermatologists have been repeating that there is no miraculous elixir, applied to the skin, it is worth waiting for its instant transformation, rejuvenation, in a word, the effect of an eraser that erases fatigue and wrinkles from the face. Any, the most effective remedy nevertheless acts gradually and does not cancel other rules of skin care.

Bacteria for skin beauty and health
Bacteria for skin beauty and health

Photo: CC0 Public Domain 3348

Being in self-isolation in their homes and being deprived of the opportunity to use hardware and injection cosmetology in clinics and salons, women of all ages are ready for a lot. Remember the half-forgotten advice of grandmothers, make new habits in daily care, order new creams and serums on the Internet.

Home care is very important for maintaining the health and beauty of the skin, just remember that in your daily rituals you need not to overdo it, not harm, guided by good intentions and based on erroneous premises.

What are some of our ideas about proper care can be harmful?

We all know the basic formula for home skin care - cleansing, moisturizing, toning, nourishing. To cleanse the face, depending on the type and condition of the skin, you can use washes with various foams and gels, milk or cream, apply a scrub or gommage.

Microorganisms live on the human skin and even inside it in about the same way as in the intestines (in the respiratory, urogenital tracts), and this is normal. Various bacteria, viruses, protozoa and fungi interact with each other and with the host's organism, all these animals need a friend, scientists call it microbiota, microbiome.

25% of the microbiota lives deep in the thickness of the skin, where the oxygen content is only 3%, therefore microorganisms live here that do not need oxygen (anaerobes) or consume it in micro doses (microaerophiles). A set of these organisms is needed by the skin to maintain its healthy balance, maintain the lipid mantle, and maintain the required acidity level. The bacterial community prevents the impact of aggressive environmental factors. There is a similar micropopulation in the respiratory, urogenital tract.

If some types of bacteria die from external influences, others, not necessarily useful, multiply actively. This can manifest as increased sebum production, decreased sebum production, dryness and a tendency to dehydration, which leads to wilting and wrinkles, inflammation, itching, allergies, keratomas, pigmentation disorders, etc. Too clean skin is vulnerable.

It is believed that a diverse microbiome composition is preferable because such systems are more resilient. People with various diseases, not only dermatological, have a skin microbiome of a different composition than healthy people. The set of microorganisms is influenced by a lot - the nature and composition of food, hygiene habits, medical interventions (drugs, vaccinations), heredity.

“Cleansing the skin of the face, hands, and the whole body should not be excessive. With antiseptics, alcohol wipes, scrubbing and soap, we also remove our natural protective environment,”says Yulia Alexandrovna Chernyavskaya, dermatologist, cosmetologist (blog on Instagram @ dr.Yulia Ch).

Meanwhile, trying to protect ourselves from the Covid-19 virus, we began to use these products more often than we harm our invisible inhabitants and reduce the protective functions of the skin.

We have already been taught by doctors and the popular scientific press that to maintain the health of the intestinal microflora, we need to eat foods rich in fiber (fruits, vegetables, herbs), drink fresh kefir, natural yogurt. After taking antibiotics that kill beneficial bacteria in the gut, doctors usually prescribe pro- and pre-biotics from the pharmacy.

So maybe you need to apply kefir to your face to replenish the skin with beneficial bacteria? Wrong decision. You do not need to do this, even if after washing your face with kefir once or twice, you notice that the skin looks better. The positive effect of lactic acid products on the skin is due to the lactic acid contained in them, if you continue to wash with kefir, you can achieve a deterioration in the condition of the skin, overdrying it with the same acid, and the appearance of irritation. The composition of the skin microbiome is different from that of the intestinal.

So what do you do to maintain your beneficial skin bacteria?

First, stop hurting them. Do not frequent with washing, use mild products for this process, remember that water itself can also dry out the skin. This is sometimes the sin of girls with oily and combination skin, fighting oily sheen and achieving the opposite result. Excessively cleansed skin, trying to compensate for the lack of sebum, produces more of it.

Do not get carried away with peels. Controlled trauma, which is achieved with peeling agents, is really effective. The face after recovery looks smooth and fresh. “My skin is clean, stretched like a mirror,” the girls enthusiastically write about their impressions on social networks after the end of the peeling exfoliation period. But healthy skin doesn't have to be too clean. After peeling, the skin is weakened, its microbiome is disturbed, it is prone to pigmentation and redness. “Often the same girls who rejoiced at the cleanliness of their face and praised the effectiveness of peels, after a while complain about the inflammation that has appeared,” notes Yulia Alexandrovna Chernyavskaya, dermatologist, cosmetologist (blog on Instagram @ dryulia.ch).

Skin care cosmetics containing beneficial microorganisms have already been developed and sold. In creams and serums, of course, they are not alive (otherwise their shelf life would be too short), but specially prepared, their use is effective for restoring the skin microbiome.

Dermatologists keep repeating that in order to preserve beautiful skin, you just need to maintain good general health, an even mood, get enough sleep, breathe fresh air, eat a variety of high-grade foods, regularly follow simple rules of home care, and engage in moderate physical activity. And we add one more important rule - do not overdo it with cleansing the skin, let it be better not washed, so it will be healthier.

Despite the popularity of simple truths, women are waiting for magical cosmetics, are actively experimenting with various novelties in cosmetology, and this is great. Scientists are constantly working in laboratories to develop the latest and most effective creams and serums that return freshness to the skin, and we are all looking forward to them. In the meantime, let's take care of home care. Regular, gentle, friendly to an invisible friend and health protector - the microbiome.

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