Doctors Warned About The Threat Of Massive Outbreaks Of Measles In Russia

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Doctors Warned About The Threat Of Massive Outbreaks Of Measles In Russia
Doctors Warned About The Threat Of Massive Outbreaks Of Measles In Russia
Video: Doctors Warned About The Threat Of Massive Outbreaks Of Measles In Russia
Video: Doctors warn of a renewed increase in Houston-area measles cases 2023, February
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Doctors warned about the threat of massive outbreaks of measles in Russia

Against the backdrop of the pandemic, routine vaccination has been suspended in Russia, as a result of which children and adults do not receive protection against measles. In many regions, there are outbreaks of this extremely dangerous viral disease.

Doctors warned about the threat of massive outbreaks of measles in Russia
Doctors warned about the threat of massive outbreaks of measles in Russia

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According to Rospotrebnadzor, since the end of 2019, several large outbreaks of measles have been recorded in Russia, primarily in the Ryazan region, where the incidence has increased 34 times. Dozens of cases of measles infection were registered in the Leningrad and Tambov regions, in Yakutia, Orenburg, as well as in two Moscow schools.

As the head of the department of prevention of infectious diseases of the Children's Scientific and Clinical Center of Infectious Diseases, Professor Susanna Kharit told MedPortal, this is largely due to the fact that during the pandemic more than 240 thousand one-year-old children were not routinely vaccinated. Only from mid-May, Russian regions are gradually resuming routine vaccination of children, in some - from June, and in a number of regions the timing of lifting restrictions on immunization is still unclear.

Harit stressed that if the vaccination is not carried out, the situation with measles in the country may worsen: if the number of unvaccinated in the population exceeds 10%, outbreaks of this disease will inevitably occur. Measles carried at any age poses a huge threat to human life, including because his acquired immunity to other infectious diseases decreases and disappears. This leads to an increase in morbidity and mortality from other infections within 2-3 years in those who have had measles.

“Since 2017, there has been an increase in measles all over the world - this is an extremely urgent disease, it takes lives again. Measles can get worse. For example, in the United States, over the months of the coronavirus pandemic, immunization coverage against measles has sharply decreased and doctors are expressing concern that there may be another rise in the incidence of measles ahead. Therefore, as soon as there is an opportunity, we should pay special attention to catch-up immunization, to vaccinate those who have not been vaccinated against vaccine-preventable infections - first of all, it concerns measles and poliomyelitis,”the expert says.

The expert also noted that vaccination of adults has not been restored so far, which creates huge risks for the population. Even in vaccinated people, immunity can decline over time. At the same time, many childhood diseases pose a high danger to adults: rubella is especially dangerous for pregnant women due to the risk of fetal defects, and mumps can cause meningitis, deafness lead to diabetes, male infertility, in women - to severe types of arthritis, and in the first trimester pregnancy - to miscarriages.

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