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Video: Doctors Pointed Out Concomitant Diseases In Most Children With Severe COVID-19
Doctors pointed out concomitant diseases in most children with severe COVID-19
New research improves understanding of how dangerous COVID-19 is for children
Photo: Matthew Rosine
Scientists watched children who were being treated for COVID-19 in intensive care units in the United States and Canada. In their opinion, the risk of developing severe complications of this infection in children and young people is significantly higher than previously thought. New research published in JAMA Pediatrics.
The review authors noted that the available evidence suggests that COVID-19 is milder in hospitalized children than in adults. However, data on patients in pediatric intensive care units have been limited to date.
Scientists observed 48 children and young people of different ages (from newborns to 21 years old) who were treated in March and April 2020. More than 80% of the study participants had concomitant chronic pathologies: immunity disorders, obesity, diabetes mellitus, chronic lung diseases. 40% of young people from this group required medical care due to developmental abnormalities and genetic disorders.
Failure of at least two organ systems in connection with COVID-19 developed in about 20% of the study participants, almost 40% of patients required mechanical ventilation. During the study, two children died. According to this study, the death rate from COVID-19 among children in the intensive care unit is 4.2%: this figure is indeed significantly lower than that of adults.
An early Chinese report indicated that children are much less likely than adults to suffer from significant symptoms of COVID-19, with children accounting for 1.3% of diagnosed infections. In a study that described 171 children with COVID-19 in Wuhan, only three of them needed intensive treatment, one child died. According to a later American report, children accounted for 1.7% of those infected, 15 of them were treated in an intensive care unit, and three died.
“The notion that COVID-19 pity young people is simply not true,” said Lawrence C. Kleinman, a professor at Rutgers University and co-author of the new study. He noted that children are more likely to be susceptible to severe forms of COVID-19 if they have comorbidities, including obesity.
The authors point out that their scientific work emphasizes that COVID-19 is not always easy in children, and parents should take the disease seriously.
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