House Cleaning: How To Deal With COVID And Allergies

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House Cleaning: How To Deal With COVID And Allergies
House Cleaning: How To Deal With COVID And Allergies

Video: House Cleaning: How To Deal With COVID And Allergies

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Cold vs. allergies during COVID-19 pandemic 2023, February
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House cleaning: how to deal with COVID and allergies

Labor Day is a great reason to put things in order in your home. But how carefully and how often should we clean up when we live in isolation? How to maneuver between allergies and infections? Allergist-immunologist Ekaterina Pushkova is speaking.

House cleaning: how to deal with COVID and allergies
House cleaning: how to deal with COVID and allergies

Photo: pixabay.com

SARS and reactions to aeroallergens (those that "hang" in the air and affect the respiratory tract) are mutually aggravating factors, - says Ekaterina Pushkova, allergist-immunologist at the Atlas Medical Center. - In the presence of allergic rhinitis and / or bronchial asthma, the predisposition to respiratory diseases may increase. This is due to a violation of the barrier function of the mucous membranes due to a chronic allergic inflammatory process.

On the other hand, there is evidence that viral respiratory infection can initiate, maintain and activate the exacerbation of allergic conditions in the airways.

Modern treatment algorithms allow you to keep allergic inflammation under control - as a result, their frequency, duration and development of complications are reduced. And hygienic measures in this algorithm are not the last.

Maintain optimal humidity

In fact, it is not as easy as it seems. It is known that the flu virus survives better in dry rooms, and dust mites and mold spores (the strongest allergens!) - in damp rooms. How do you strike a balance to avoid both? And most importantly, how to measure humidity if you did not buy special devices before self-isolation?

The optimum relative humidity in residential premises ranges from 40-60%. Here, everyone decides for himself what to fear more - a virus or an allergy, and, accordingly, in which direction (within optimal values) one can move.

Air humidity below 40% is usually felt even without devices: dryness of the skin and mucous membranes appears.

Indoor humidity over 60-65% also feels uncomfortable. It can quickly provoke the growth of molds - and in people prone to allergies, even in the early stages, it manifests itself as a runny nose and itchy eyes. Humidity can be controlled with dehumidifiers, humidifiers and air purifiers.

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Don't be fanatic about hygiene

As Paracelsus said: “All is poison, all is medicine; both are determined by the dose. " You don't need to develop a neurotic disorder and constantly wash your hands and wipe the keyboard with alcohol.

When going out into the street, in a store, traveling by transport, it is advisable not to touch your face - from the moment of the first news of COVID-19, everyone managed to learn it. The virus cannot penetrate the skin of the hands into the body and cause illness - therefore, when you come home, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.

But if you live in self-isolation and don't leave the house, then washing your hands after each touching the switch and wiping the door handles with a chldork every hour is too much. Routine cleaning with a minimum amount of household chemicals is enough.

Remember that any detergent and disinfectant can trigger an allergic reaction. Even the prefix "eco", "bio", "hypoallergenic" does not guarantee safety - it is better to minimize the use of household chemicals. If you are afraid that you will not be able to cope with viruses without it, or if you need cleaning products to deal with stubborn stains, then you need to monitor the individual reaction of the body and, if allergy symptoms develop, look for another cleaning agent.

Clean up gradually

Allergists have known for a long time that cleaning itself can trigger an allergy attack, because the disturbed dust rises into the air and enters the respiratory tract. On the other hand, we now spend at home all day and every day - so we cannot afford to sit in the dust. And the air dries out quickly in the absence of wet cleaning, which increases the viability of viruses.

The optimal solution, of course, is household appliances: robotic vacuum cleaners and air washers. Without them, the strategy of fighting on two fronts (against the virus and against home airborne allergens) will look something like this:

daily wet cleaning of all horizontal surfaces (remove dust, increase humidity),

  • current cleaning by zones: for example, one day - kitchen, second day - one room, third day - bathroom, etc.,
  • minimizing things in the room, avoiding clutter (in fact, reducing the number of surfaces on which the virus and dust can settle).

This will reduce not only the risk of inflammatory airway diseases, but also the level of anxiety.

Don't Prepare to Clean Up Like War

People are quite intimidated - and many sincerely believe that cleaning should be done in a chemical protection suit or, at least, in a respirator: we touch surfaces on which viruses sit and allergens lie!

In fact, if you have not brought your home to a catastrophic state and, as a result, you do not have an obvious need for aggressive household chemicals, then special respirators and masks are not needed. If cleaning causes symptoms of allergic rhinitis such as sneezing, nasal congestion, profuse mucous discharge, and this is not associated with the use of household chemicals, you may have an increased reaction to household allergens, household mold, house dust mites. In this case, you should contact an allergist-immunologist (it is easy to get a pass for this even in Moscow, even now). The doctor will develop a plan for diagnostics and treatment, and at the same time will help to revise the approaches to cleaning, taking into account your allergic reactions.

No cleaning clothes are needed. You just need comfortable clothes and rubber gloves.

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