How Intermittent Fasting Can Help

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How Intermittent Fasting Can Help
How Intermittent Fasting Can Help

Video: How Intermittent Fasting Can Help

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Video: Intermittent Fasting - How it Works? Animation 2023, February
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How Intermittent Fasting Can Help

Avoiding food for 16-18 hours daily can help prevent and treat several conditions, a review of studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine showed. According to scientists, alternating fasting and satiety improves cellular health by triggering a switch in metabolism - cells use up their reserves of "fuel" and convert fat into energy.

How Intermittent Fasting Can Help
How Intermittent Fasting Can Help

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Avoiding food for 16-18 hours daily can help prevent and treat several conditions, a review of studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine showed.

In previous studies, researchers have found evidence that intermittent fasting can help lower blood pressure, lose weight, improve cognitive performance, and increase life expectancy. Review authors from Johns Hopkins University identified two types of fasting:

daily time limit for daily food intake (6-8 hours a day);

  • Intermittent fasting 5: 2 (limiting to 500 calories two days a week).

According to scientists, alternating fasting and satiety improves cellular health by triggering a switch in metabolism - cells use up their reserves of "fuel" and convert fat into energy. One study found that switching can increase stress tolerance by optimizing brain function and neuroplasticity (the brain's ability to adapt to development throughout life).

Intermittent fasting is thought to stabilize blood sugar levels (helping to cope with insulin resistance). A small 2018 study found that three men with type 2 diabetes were able to stop taking insulin after losing weight.

According to a 2009 study, older adults who practiced intermittent fasting showed improved memory compared to participants who did not follow the diet. In a study in which young people fasted for 16 hours daily for two months, their fat levels dropped and their muscles were preserved through strength training.

The long-term effects of intermittent fasting require more research. Clinical trials have focused on young and middle-aged people, so the benefits and safety of this method cannot be generalized to other groups.

At first, most participants feel hungry, irritable, and more difficult to concentrate. In a 2017 study published in JAMA, nearly 40% of people were unable to follow the interval diet. When the brain is deprived of food, large amounts of appetite hormones are released in the hypothalamus, which can cause overeating. But this condition is temporary.

“Patients should be informed that hunger and irritability are initially common and go away after two weeks to a month, when the body and brain get used to the new habit,” concluded Mark Mattson, one of the authors of the review.

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