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Video: The Proton Therapy Center In Dimitrovgrad Began Accepting Patients
The Proton Therapy Center in Dimitrovgrad began accepting patients
It is expected that 1200 people will be able to receive treatment here annually, and 140 people will have a chance to be saved by the end of this year. All in all, the need for the most advanced method of radiation therapy in Russia is 25-35 thousand people, of which 2.5-3 thousand are children. It will not be possible to quickly satisfy this need - this is an extremely expensive and technically complex method.
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It is expected that 1200 people will be able to receive treatment here annually, and 140 people will have a chance to be saved by the end of this year. In total, the need for the most advanced method of radiation therapy in Russia today is 25-35 thousand people, of which 2.5-3 thousand are children. And it will not be possible to quickly satisfy this need - this is an extremely difficult and expensive method from a technical point of view.
The first eight patients, who were selected for a number of key medical criteria, were admitted to the Center for Medical Radiology in the Ulyanovsk Region for proton accelerator treatment. This was reported by the Federal Medical and Biological Agency (FMBA) of Russia. It is reported that "patients with primary and secondary malignant neoplasms of the liver, prostate cancer, melanoma of the eye, and secondary malignant neoplasms of the brain will receive treatment."
Earlier, the head of FMBA Vladimir Uyba told the President of the country about the commissioning of a specialized center for proton therapy, which is part of the Federal High-Tech Center for Medical Radiology being created in Dimitrovgrad. According to Uyba, the largest today in the world (105 thousand square meters) includes all the methods of nuclear medicine known today that are used in the world, and "it is extremely important that they are all concentrated on one site." This is so far the only complex of a closed cycle of nuclear medicine in Russia, in which all currently available diagnostic and treatment methods are presented. In addition to the proton center, it will include an advisory clinic, positron emission tomography centers, a radiological center, and a radionuclide therapy building.
The project was implemented under the state program "Creation of Federal Centers for Medical Radiological Technologies". The date for the completion of the Center has been repeatedly postponed. It was originally planned to launch in 2013. In the future, the proton center plans to receive 1.2 thousand patients a year, and the radiological unit - up to 20 thousand. “The most important and most central thing is, of course, the Proton Therapy Center … Today it is number one in the world in the treatment of brain diseases, eye tumors. We will save 1200 people a year. This year there will be 140 of them,”Uyba said.
Today, proton therapy is considered one of the most effective methods of treating a number of cancers. It is the most accurate and least toxic method of radiation therapy. The advantage of the technique is that protons release their energy exactly at the site of cancer tumor localization, without affecting healthy tissues. Its peculiarity is the destruction of the tumor focus with minimal damage to nearby healthy cells. When exposed to proton radiation, the risk of radio-induced tumors, as well as the long-term effects of radiation therapy, is lower. It is the most effective treatment for many types of cancer without surgery, especially in the treatment of children.
Until now, proton therapy in our country has been beyond the standard. It was carried out only or at the expense of the patient, or within the framework of small protocols of clinical approbation. But starting next year, this most innovative method of radiation therapy will be included in the program of high-tech medical care financed from the compulsory medical insurance funds. As the head of FFOMS Natalya Stadchenko reported earlier, 2 thousand patients will be able to receive treatment annually.
In addition to the new Center in Dimitrovgrad, such treatment is carried out on the basis of the Obninsk branch of the Medical Radiological Scientific Center named after V.I. A.F. Tsyba Federal State Budgetary Institution "NMITs Radiology" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation: there is a proton therapy complex specializing exclusively in the treatment of head and neck tumors. And also in the only commercial center for clinical proton therapy in the country of the Medical Institute. Sergey Berezin (MIBS) in St. Petersburg. Together they will be able to receive these 2 thousand patients.
All in all, according to Arkady Stolpner, chairman of the board of MIBS, according to various assessment methods, in Russia the need for the most advanced method of radiation therapy today is 25-35 thousand people annually, of which 2.5-3 thousand are children. And this need will only grow.
Proton complexes are still very rare all over the world. The construction cycle of a proton therapy center is at best 4 years, and the state is building such complex facilities, as the experience of Dimitrovgrad shows, twice as long. According to Maria Vedunova, director of the Institute of Biology and Biomedicine at Lobachevsky University, the 5-100 university, this is an extremely difficult and expensive method from a technical point of view. The proton therapy center is a very technical facility that requires huge costs not only to create, but also to maintain it in working order.And the cost of a course of proton therapy is almost an order of magnitude higher than a course of radiation therapy. And, nevertheless, it is this method of treatment that makes it possible to eliminate a number of malignant tumors with practically no damage to the surrounding tissues and plug effects for the whole organism.
Meanwhile, within the framework of the Eastern Economic Forum-2019, a Russian-Japanese Memorandum was signed on the creation of the first ion therapy center in Russia. The Clinical Center for the Treatment of Oncological Diseases with Heavy Carbon Ions will be built on the basis of the National Medical Research Center for Radiology of the Russian Ministry of Health in Obninsk.
A unique method of super-precision treatment of cancer patients with a carbon ion beam was first developed in Japan. Its essence lies in the fact that the effect on the tumor is super-targeted, without damaging healthy tissues and organs. According to Japanese experts, tumor treatment is sometimes carried out even in one session. This method is suitable for the treatment of almost all localizations, including those 25% of patients whose tumors are practically not amenable to standard radiation and proton exposure.
There are only about fifteen such centers in the world, seven in Japan, three in Europe (one each in Austria, Germany, Italy) and three more in China. After the opening of the Russian center, 10-12 people will be able to receive treatment there a day. “Such projects require a lot of painstaking work, but with the help of this super modern technology we will close the entire range of radiation therapy that is now possible in the world,” said Andrei Kaprin, Director General of the National Medical Research Center of Radiology, when signing the Memorandum.
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