Sobering-up Centers Are Returning To Russia

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Sobering-up Centers Are Returning To Russia
Sobering-up Centers Are Returning To Russia

Video: Sobering-up Centers Are Returning To Russia

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Video: Russia Prepares for World Cup With 11 Planned Sobering Up Centers 2023, February
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Sobering-up centers are returning to Russia

The government has supported a bill to revive sobering-up centers. At the same time, the department considered the question of the need for informed voluntary consent of the citizen to provide such assistance unnecessary. Earlier, the initiative was supported by the Ministry of Health, to whose institutions the police annually deliver more than half a million people intoxicated.

Sobering-up centers are returning to Russia
Sobering-up centers are returning to Russia

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The government has backed a bill giving regions the right to create medical sobering-up centers. At the same time, the department stated the need to clarify the legal status of such institutions, the grounds for sending citizens to them, the types of assistance provided and sources of funding. And also considered unnecessary the question of the need for informed voluntary consent of the citizen to provide such assistance. Earlier, the initiative was supported by the Ministry of Health, to whose institutions the police annually deliver more than half a million people intoxicated.

Since 2011, there have been no sobering-up centers at the federal level. The Ministry of Internal Affairs, in whose jurisdiction they were, was deprived of the relevant powers. Now there are such institutions in some regions of the Russian Federation (for example, in Tatarstan); they have been preserved at the initiative of local authorities and are financed from regional budgets.

The need to restore the system of sobering-up centers at the federal level has been discussed in the country for a long time, and the Ministry of Health asked about it. Having abandoned the Soviet-style semi-criminal special institutions, the authorities did not offer any alternative. At the same time, the Russians did not drink less. And now the unconscious alcoholics who have been picked up by ambulances are being taken to the emergency rooms of ordinary hospitals, against which both doctors and patients are increasingly speaking out. At the same time, according to the Ministry of Health, a third of alcoholics brought to hospitals really need medical care.

According to Nikolai Govorin, deputy chairman of the State Duma health protection committee, member of the ONF Central Headquarters, annually more than 30 thousand citizens, being in this state, die or receive serious injuries, frostbite, injuries, and also become victims of attacks by criminals.

Recently, the government commission on legislative activity supported the draft law, which gives the regions the right to solve the issues of "organizing specialized institutions to provide assistance to persons in a state of intoxication." This, as well as what needs to be finalized in this document, is stated in the official response of the government.

Meanwhile, as the Cabinet of Ministers believes, the proposed changes regarding the giving of informed voluntary consent to medical intervention are unnecessary. The Federal Law "On the Fundamentals of Health Protection of Citizens in the Russian Federation" currently already allows medical intervention without the consent of a citizen, if it is necessary on urgent grounds to eliminate the threat to the patient's life or if his condition does not allow expressing his will. This provision also applies to persons in a state of intoxication. And, besides, what decision can a person who is in an inadequate state make.

According to Govorin, the basis for sending a person to the sobering-up center should be his helpless state, when he is not able to independently move or navigate in the environment. He explained that a person, due to alcohol intoxication, may find himself in a situation where he needs help, because he is not able to control his behavior, to navigate the terrain. Moreover, those who do not suffer from alcoholism can get into a similar situation. Some citizens, even from an insignificant share of alcohol, due to psychophysiological characteristics, fall into a state of pronounced alcoholic intoxication, the expert noted.

At the same time, sobering-up centers should be created not as medical, but as social institutions, since alcohol intoxication is not a disease and people in a state of strong alcoholic intoxication often need social assistance. “In sobering-up centers it is necessary to provide social assistance - to provide a warm room, a bed where a person can sleep and recover. If necessary, he must be redirected to a medical institution. Of course, the organization must have a paramedic who will distinguish the state of alcoholic intoxication from other similar situations. After all, for example, people suffering from diabetes mellitus and vascular diseases can also lose consciousness,”said Govorin.

Earlier, the State Duma received a bill on amendments to the law "On the Police", which will allow Interior Ministry employees to deliver people intoxicated to sobering-up centers. According to the current version of the Law "On the Police", employees can deliver drunk people who have lost the ability to move independently or navigate in the environment to medical institutions. According to the Ministry of Health, in 2018, about 680 thousand people in a state of alcoholic intoxication in need of medical care were taken to medical institutions.

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