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Video: Scientists Have Proven The Benefits Of Red Wine
Scientists have proven the benefits of red wine
The gut microbiome of red wine drinkers is more diverse than the gut microbiome of other alcoholic drinkers, British researchers found. Moderate consumption of red wine reduces the risk of obesity.
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Moderate consumption of red wine promotes healthy bowel function, reduces the risk of obesity and lowers bad cholesterol, according to a study by researchers from King's College London. The research results are published in Gastroenterology.
A team of researchers analyzed the effects of beer, cider, red wine, white wine and spirits on the gut microbiome and health of 916 British female twins. Microbiome (microbiota. Microflora) is a collection of microorganisms, it has a significant impact on human health. An imbalance of "good" and "bad" microbes in the gut leads to adverse consequences: decreased immunity, weight gain or increased cholesterol levels. The wide variety of bacteria species in the human gut microbiome is considered a marker of gut health.
In summary, the researchers found that the gut microbiota of red wine drinkers contains more different types of bacteria than other alcoholic drinkers.
"While we have long known the unexplained benefits of red wine for heart health, this study shows a link between moderate consumption of red wine and greater variety and healthier gut microbiota, which in part explains the longstanding debate over its health benefits," said study author Caroline Le Roy (Caroline Le Roy).
The results were compared with data from other studies conducted in the UK, USA and the Netherlands, involving only about 3,000 people. The results were similar across all studies. The relationship was traced even after taking into account other factors: age, weight, regularity of meals and socio-economic status of the participants.
According to scientists, the main reason for the diversity of gut microbiota in red wine drinkers is the high amount of polyphenols in the drink. Polyphenols are protective chemical compounds found in many fruits and vegetables; they have many beneficial properties, are antioxidants, and serve as "fuel" for microorganisms.
“This is one of the largest studies ever to examine the gut effects of red wine, providing insight that high levels of polyphenols in grape skins may be responsible for much of the controversial health benefits when consumed in moderation,” said lead author work, Professor Tim Spector (Tim Spector).
The study also found that moderate consumption of red wine is associated with lower levels of obesity and "bad" cholesterol, which is due in part to the diversity of bacteria in the gut microbiota.
“Drinking red wine occasionally, like once every two weeks, seems to be enough to get the effect. If you have to choose one alcoholic drink today, let it be red wine, as it has a beneficial effect on you and your gut microbes, which in turn contributes to weight loss and the risk of heart disease. However, it is still recommended to drink alcohol in moderation,”added Caroline Le Roy.