Menstrual Cups Are Proven To Be Safe And Effective

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Menstrual Cups Are Proven To Be Safe And Effective
Menstrual Cups Are Proven To Be Safe And Effective

Video: Menstrual Cups Are Proven To Be Safe And Effective

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Video: Menstrual Cups – Do They Work and Are They Dangerous? 2023, January
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Menstrual cups are proven to be safe and effective

Menstrual cups are just as safe and effective as disposable tampons and pads, according to the first major scientific review by researchers at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and published in The Lancet Public Health.

Menstrual cups are proven to be safe and effective
Menstrual cups are proven to be safe and effective

Photo: pixabay.com /

Menstrual cups are just as safe and effective as disposable tampons and pads, according to the first major scientific review by researchers at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and published in The Lancet Public Health.

Unlike pads and tampons, a menstrual cup does not absorb discharge; it is inserted into the vagina and then emptied every 4 to 12 hours. The cup must be sterilized before first use and after the end of each period. There are currently two types of cups: vaginal (bell-shaped) and cervical (placed around the cervix high in the vagina, like a diaphragm for contraception). For their manufacture, medical grade silicone, rubber, latex or elastomer are used, the service life is up to 10 years. The authors of the survey counted 199 brands of bowls available in 99 countries, with a wide range of prices - from $ 0.72 to $ 46.72.

Scientists analyzed 43 published studies, as well as unpublished data from health authorities and scientific abstracts, in which 3,319 women and girls from around the world participated.

"Although 1.9 billion women worldwide menstruate, spending an average of 65 days a year with menstrual bleeding, there are only a few high quality studies comparing hygiene products," said senior review author Professor Penelope Phillips. -Howard (Penelope Phillips-Howard).

A meta-analysis has shown that studies on the use of menstrual cups by European, North American and African women and girls have not shown an increased risk of infection. There has been little reliable evidence that the bowls are unsafe, as suggested by earlier claims linking their use to rare cases of toxic shock syndrome. In addition, the risk of bowl leakage was equivalent or even lower than that of conventional hygiene products.

However, given the limited information on the use of menstrual cups, other potential problems and risks cannot be ruled out, including using a cup with an IUD (intrauterine device).

The survey found that about 70% of women would like to continue to use their menstrual cups, but overall awareness is lacking. According to various studies, only 11 to 33% of women in high-income countries know about menstrual cups. They are mentioned by only 30% of websites in 27 countries that provide educational materials on puberty (with 65% mentioning tampons and 77% mentioning disposable sanitary napkins).

“This systematic review suggests that menstrual cups may be an acceptable and safe option for menstrual hygiene in high, low and middle income countries, but they are not well known,” the study authors noted.

Raising awareness and training in proper use can make menstrual cups an effective alternative to disposable sanitary ware “even where water and sanitation is poor”.

The review also looked at cost-effectiveness, although there was limited high-quality evidence in this area. It has been found that using a menstrual cup for 10 years can significantly reduce plastic waste - one cup represents approximately 0.4% of the waste generated from disposable pads, or 6% from tampons. However, the estimates of costs and waste are illustrative only, without considering the combined use of hygiene products, inflation or production costs.

In general, scientists note the need for further international research to obtain information on tolerance, tracking of adverse events, analysis of world experience to reduce the introductory stage and more reliable assessment of economic efficiency and environmental impact.

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