Lack Of Breakfast And Late Dinner Help Heart Attacks Kill People

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Lack Of Breakfast And Late Dinner Help Heart Attacks Kill People
Lack Of Breakfast And Late Dinner Help Heart Attacks Kill People
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Lack of breakfast and late dinner help heart attacks kill people

Skipping breakfast and dinner shortly before bedtime leads to worse outcomes after suffering a myocardial infarction, the Brazilian researchers found. According to the data obtained, the presence of both eating habits increases the likelihood of death, re-heart attack or angina pectoris by 4-5 times within 30 days after discharge from the hospital for a heart attack.

Lack of breakfast and late dinner help heart attacks kill people
Lack of breakfast and late dinner help heart attacks kill people

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Skipping breakfast and dinner shortly before bedtime leads to worse outcomes after suffering myocardial infarction, Brazilian researchers from São Paulo State University have found. The results are published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

The study involved 113 patients (73% of men), whose average age was 60 years. On admission to the coronary intensive care unit, they talked about their eating habits. Skipping breakfast was defined as "nothing" until lunchtime, with the exception of coffee and water at least three times a week. Late dinner - eating two hours before bed, at least three times a week (not necessarily late in the evening or at night, but almost all participants with this habit turned out to be “night eaters”).

The study also included patients with a severe form of myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation. Every tenth patient with this diagnosis dies within a year, and proper nutrition is a relatively inexpensive and easy way to improve the prognosis. Therefore, doctors recommend a minimum interval of two hours between meals and sleep.

This was the first study to analyze and evaluate unhealthy eating behavior in patients with acute coronary syndromes. It turned out that 58% of respondents did not have breakfast, 51% had dinner late, and 41% did both together.

According to the findings, the presence of both eating habits increased the likelihood of death, re-heart attack, or angina (chest pain) by 4-5 times within 30 days after discharge from the hospital for myocardial infarction.

“They say the best way to live is to have breakfast like a king. A good breakfast usually consists of dairy products (low-fat or skim milk, yogurt, and cheese), carbohydrates (whole grain breads, bagels, cereals), and whole fruits. It should account for 15-35% of the total daily calorie intake,”said study author Dr. Marcos Minicucci.

Previous research has shown that people who skip breakfast and eat late are more likely to have other bad habits, such as smoking and low physical activity.

“Both eating behaviors are independently associated with worse outcomes after myocardial infarction, but having a group of bad habits will only make things worse. People who work late may be especially prone to having a late dinner and then not hungry in the morning, noted Dr. Minicucci. "We also believe that inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and endothelial function may be associated with unhealthy diets and cardiovascular outcomes."

The researchers noted an interesting fact - the intake of statins before hospitalization was higher in the group with an unhealthy diet and a worse outcome. Patients seem to believe that statins alone will be beneficial, but these drugs should not be a substitute, but only an addition to a healthy diet.

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