Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Is Increasingly Being Diagnosed In Young People

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Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Is Increasingly Being Diagnosed In Young People
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Is Increasingly Being Diagnosed In Young People
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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is increasingly being diagnosed in young people

Experts warn of a sharp rise in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among young people. Apparently, the increase in morbidity is associated with overweight young people.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is increasingly being diagnosed in young people
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is increasingly being diagnosed in young people

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Experts warn of a sharp rise in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among young people. Apparently, the increase in morbidity is associated with overweight young people.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an accumulation of lipids in the liver (steatosis) that is not associated with alcohol consumption. The disease is thought to be a manifestation of metabolic syndrome and has a clear association with obesity, diabetes and high blood fat levels. NAFLD is the most common chronic liver disease in both adults and children. It is estimated that around 20-30% of the world's population suffers from NAFLD. The prevalence of the disease continues to rise, with serious consequences for public health and the economy.

The disease is common in older people. However, a new study found that a significant number of 24-year-olds also suffer from NAFLD, putting them at risk of later developing serious health problems such as liver cancer, type 2 diabetes and heart attacks.

Researchers from the University of Bristol (Bristol University) examined more than 4,000 young people who participated in a study called "Children of the 90s", which examined the life and health of people born in 1991 and 1992 in the British County of Avon.

All of them underwent an ultrasound examination at the age of 18, which showed that 2.5% of them had non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Five years later, a new fibroscan examination found that more than 20% had liver fat or steatosis, indicating NAFLD. In half of the cases, the disease was classified as severe. The scans also showed that 2.4% had fibrosis, a scarring of liver tissue that can cause cirrhosis.

“We were concerned that at the age of 24, one in five suffers from steatosis and one in 40 has fibrosis,” the author of the paper, Dr. Kushala Abeysekera, presenting the results of the study at the International Congress on Liver Research in Vienna.

According to him, when these people reach the age of 50-60 years, liver disease can take on the character of an epidemic. The vast majority of young people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease were overweight. Among people with the most fatty deposits in the liver, 60% were obese. The researchers also ruled out those who drank a lot of alcohol, but some NAFLD can be caused by two factors: alcohol and obesity.

The researchers say the disease is curable if you eat the right diet, maintain a healthy weight, exercise and drink alcohol in moderation.

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