Scientists Have Described Risk Factors For Heart Disease In Women Under 50

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Scientists Have Described Risk Factors For Heart Disease In Women Under 50
Scientists Have Described Risk Factors For Heart Disease In Women Under 50
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Scientists have described risk factors for heart disease in women under 50

For women who have not reached menopause, there are specific risk factors for cardiovascular disease. You can learn about them in a new study.

Scientists have described risk factors for heart disease in women under 50
Scientists have described risk factors for heart disease in women under 50

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Canadian scientists analyzed the risk factors for cardiovascular disease in young, pre-menopausal women. A review of them, based on data from 2008-2018, was published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Pointing to the urgency of the problem, scientists pointed out that mortality from cardiovascular diseases in developed countries is decreasing. But not among women in this age group.

“Tackling cardiovascular disease in women younger than 50 requires an innovative approach to assessing traditional risk factors in primary prevention,” says cardiologist Beth Abramson of the University of Toronto.

Here are some of the highlights of the survey published by Canadian physicians:

Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and smoking are more significant risk factors for cardiovascular disease in young women.

  • Young women with ovarian dysfunction may also be at increased risk.
  • Early menopause due to surgery or chemical intervention may also be a factor at increased risk.
  • Complications of pregnancy (such as gestational hypertension and preeclampsia) are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • There is limited data on whether fertility treatment is a risk factor. Further research is needed on this issue.

“Modern tools to assess the risk of cardiovascular disease are largely based on age-related and traditional risk factors. They show a tendency to underestimate risk among young women,”the study authors report.

The authors suggest that premenopausal women with these risk factors should be screened for cardiovascular disease early, monitored, and given specific recommendations for lifestyle changes when appropriate. In addition, according to the authors, doctors should pay more attention to such risk factors in young women as preeclampsia and other complications of pregnancy, as well as infertility and the use of reproductive technologies.

Identifying women at high risk before menopause is, according to the authors, an important step for reducing cardiovascular disease in young women.

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