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Video: Cancer Alertness Is Not A Paranoid Fear Of Illness
Cancer alertness is not a paranoid fear of illness
In the 21st century, the relationship between man and cancer is changing. Superstition gives way to knowledge, and from an elusive killer, cancer turns into a dangerous, but already quite vulnerable enemy. And then, according to experts, the incidence (detectability) will grow, and the death rate will fall. The main thing is to know the enemy by sight and be able to get ahead of the disease, exposing barriers to it.
Vladimir Mukhin /
In the 21st century, the relationship between man and cancer is changing. Superstition gives way to knowledge, and from an elusive killer, cancer turns into a dangerous, but already quite vulnerable enemy. And then, according to experts, the incidence (detectability) will grow, and the death rate will fall. The main thing is to know the enemy by sight and be able to get ahead of the disease, putting barriers in front of it in time and competently.
A researcher of the Department of Neonatology of the N.N. Dmitry Rogacheva, doctor of clinical laboratory diagnostics at LabQuest laboratory, member of the Federation of Laboratory Medicine Vladimir Mukhin.
Barrier number 1. Forewarned is forearmed
Not every malignant tumor is deadly, but any of them should be taken very seriously. At the heart of cancer is a violation of the regulation of tissue growth. Our cells grow, divide and replace old, damaged ones. In every person's body, malignant cells are formed, which most often die under the influence of our natural defense - antitumor immunity. But sometimes a failure occurs, which leads to serious consequences. At the same time, oncology can develop both very quickly and over many years.
Cancer is a multifactorial disease. There are two main groups of reasons for the development of the disease: genetic predisposition and environmental factors. There are quite a lot of oncological diseases, their clinical manifestations and pathological processes are very different, and there is no universal formula that allows one to guess about the presence of malignant formations by external symptoms or individual analyzes. There are only general signs, in general, indicating that you are not completely healthy, which means you need to be examined.
Today medicine has made great strides in diagnostics, blockade, and treatment of cancer. The most important thing is to find the "problem" area in time and proceed to active actions. Laboratory tests in combination with other types of diagnostics today are able to detect cancer at the earliest stages, as well as warn about a predisposition to pathologies and existing risks long before a possible disease. The only question is the desire of everyone to personally control their health.
Barrier number 2. Screening
The best way to avoid cancer is prevention and cancer alertness. Cancer vigilance is not a paranoid fear of the disease, but preventive measures that are recommended for every person to undergo regularly for early detection of cancer pathologies. According to representatives of the WHO Cancer Research Agency, lung tumors are in the lead among the most common types of oncology on the planet. Prostate cancer is also common in men, and breast and ovarian cancer in women. Oncological diseases of the liver, stomach and intestines are quite common in both.
Each disease has its own specific diagnostic methods. Some of them can be identified only by instrumental methods. For example, mammography is an established screening method for breast cancer. For preventive purposes, it is recommended to pass it to all women after 40 years. As a preventive diagnosis of cervical cancer, a cytological examination of a smear of the cervical canal and an analysis for HPV (human papillomavirus) are used, since this virus is one of the pathogenetic factors in the development of this type of cancer.
Effective screening laboratory tests include the determination of prostate specific antigen in the blood of men (to detect prostate cancer), latent blood in the feces (to detect neoplasms in the intestine and stomach). With regard to gastric cancer, the emphasis is on identifying the bacteria that provoke it, Helicobacter pylori. The bacterium that causes gastritis and stomach ulcers is also one of the most common carcinogens. The presence of Helicobacter pylori can be detected using a simple non-invasive study - the urease breath test.
Barrier number 3. Diagnostic prevention - real and false
All laboratory screening tests, as well as instrumental ones, are not definitive. Even a more detailed examination does not always confirm the presence of the disease. But if you have signs that indicate a possible disease, then this is a reason for a more thorough examination. The essence of screening is precisely to weed out healthy people from those who need to be further examined. For example, if Helicobacter pylori is detected, gastroscopy and other clarifying studies must be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
However, one should avoid confusion. Today, the topic of tumor markers is quite popular in cancer prevention. Many people trust the very name of these tests. However, most tumor markers are not a basis for a cancer diagnosis. Their direct purpose is to monitor pathological processes with a high suspicion of cancer, or to monitor the effectiveness of therapy with an already confirmed diagnosis.
Another serious misconception concerns lung studies: many think that fluorography allows to detect neoplasms in the lungs in time, but this is not the case. Fluorography is effective exclusively for the prevention of tuberculosis. For lung cancer, low-dose computed tomography is a screening method. This is also an instrumental research method based on X-ray approaches, but it is carried out on different equipment.
Barrier number 4. Don't forget about genetics
People with a family history of cancer have a higher risk of developing cancer. Therefore, they need to be especially vigilant. Modern genetic research is aimed at identifying the risk of predisposition to oncological pathologies. These are high-tech tests that can be done once in a lifetime. And preferably early. With age, the number of spontaneous mutations can accumulate, so the chance of developing cancer increases. After 60-70 years, the individual genetic risk already overlaps with age.
Among the most widespread significant studies is a test to identify mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes responsible for a multiple increase in the risk of breast and ovarian cancer in women (similar to the one that was identified in Hollywood actress Angelina Jolie). The carriers of "broken" genes are 5-10% of patients (regardless of their gender) with pancreatic cancer and men with prostate cancer.
Start with yourself
People who are faced with cancer admit that they began to truly appreciate life only when serious health problems arise. At the same time, everything else immediately loses its meaning, fades into the background. But you can take control of your health and the health of your loved ones, without delaying until tomorrow. And it is not necessary to wait for any reason for this. You just need to change priorities and learn to devote a little time to yourself - going to the doctor and screening diagnostics, as a rule, do not take much time. Spend a couple of hours or even a whole day for examination and communication with specialists - these are the visits that allow you to feel safe, and often save lives.
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