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"We have set the task to enter the range" 300+ "in the world ratings"
What university science is capable of, why it is so important to get into the world rankings of higher educational institutions, and what kind of social lift every Russian graduate needs, the rector of I.M. Moscow State Medical University told at a meeting with journalists. Sechenov, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Pyotr Glybochko.
Petr Glybochko. Photo: press service of the First Moscow State Medical University. Sechenov. /
What university science is capable of, why it is so important to get into the world rankings of higher educational institutions, and what kind of social lift is needed for every Russian graduate, the rector of the First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Pyotr Glybochko.
For the second year in a row, Sechenov University is included in the prestigious world educational rankings. Thanks to this, the rector believes, the university has become recognizable abroad. If in the 2016 academic year 900 citizens from 80 states studied here, then in 2017, when the university entered international rankings, there were already 1.5 thousand. In 2018, more than 2,800 foreigners study at the university. And the plans are to increase their number to 5 thousand by 2020-2021.
As for the specific position in the world ratings themselves ("600+"), this is only the beginning, the rector said. “Within the framework of Project 5-100, we entered all international ratings, which we have never been in. The first honey is now, of course, not in the first positions. But for us this is a serious step. We have set the task to enter the range of "300+" by 2020-2021, - said Petr Glybochko.
The fact that the university provides high-quality modern education is also evidenced by the fact that this year up to 50% of foreigners who came to study have concluded contracts directly with the university (before, most foreign students were brought to study by private firms). At the same time, studying at Sechenov University is not cheap for foreigners: 500 thousand rubles a year is a very substantial amount even in comparison with European universities. And you also have to pay for rental housing. According to the rector, places in dormitories are provided only to Russian students (previously it was different).
Other resources are not taken away from Russian students, the rector stressed: the university is expanding its clinical bases and building new educational buildings. This year 2,500 students entered the first year. And the graduation course of the university can close the shortage of doctors in the city of Moscow, noted Pyotr Glybochko.
Scientific and educational corporation
At the same time, according to the rector, Sechenov University today is not a mono-educational institution, but a whole scientific and educational corporation, which trains not only doctors, but also engineers, biotechnologists, medical biophysicists and biochemists, bioinformatics, mathematicians. “When they tell me that the main thing in a university is education, I don’t argue with that, it really is,” said Petr Glybochko. - But today life is changing, and scientific developments are becoming priorities. Moreover, if in the 20th century physics and mathematics were the leading sciences, then in the 21st century it is the science of life. All modern developments are aimed at a person and for his sake.And the medical school must be at the forefront of this movement. Therefore, when we assess the effectiveness of our departments, we use such criteria as the educational component, scientific component, publications, training of scientific personnel."
The university operates the Biomedicine Science and Technology Park, which includes institutes focused on global challenges in the field of biomedicine: the Institute of Regenerative Medicine, the Institute of Translational Medicine, the Institute of Molecular Medicine, the Institute of Personalized Medicine and the Institute of Bionic Technologies and Engineering. The Cluster Oncology Clinic includes more than 400 inpatient beds deployed in specialized clinics (urological, coloproctological, general surgical, gynecological). And the university clinical center itself with 3.5 thousand beds is within walking distance from educational buildings.
By 2020, the formation of a biomedicine park should be completed. Already in 2019, a genomic center will appear on its basis, which will deal with the diagnosis of cancer at the genetic level.The center will carry out genome-wide sequencing, identification of hereditary syndromes in oncology and mutations leading to the development of cancer. In addition to diagnostics, the genomic center will work on the creation of new cocktail drugs for the treatment of cancer patients. According to Hlybochko, molecular cocktails are the future, but to create them, you need to have a good base of genetic data. “The center will give us the opportunity to master diagnostics at the genetic level. We already have one sequencer, it is now in the biomedicine park. Next year we will buy several more sequencers and start moving in this direction,”the rector said.
Cancer testing and cat vaccine
The scientific work of the university is bearing real fruit. For example, university scientists are completing work on a drug for the treatment of celiac disease (intolerance to gluten, which is included in most foods). Until now, there has been no cure for this hereditary disease, which is accompanied by chronic inflammation of the small intestine. The drug is currently being tested and is expected to be available in pharmacies by 2020.
Already in the coming year, the method of early diagnosis of cancer by blood using artificial intelligence, developed by scientists from Sechenov University, can be launched into wide practice.Testing for the six most common cancers (breast, ovary, bladder, prostate, lung and colon) has already started at the university's clinical center. Testing, for which a few milliliters of blood is sufficient, are carried out on biochemical and immunochemiluminescent analyzers. Their result is more than a hundred indicators, the relationship between which is analyzed by a computer program. According to Glybochko, the new technique allows one to suggest the appearance of cancer in the organ even when it cannot be determined in any other way. And after the official permission of the Ministry of Health, the trained neural network can be installed on the computer of any laboratory in the country.
Together with specialists from the University of Vienna, scientists at the Sechenov University are developing a vaccine to prevent cat allergies. The project was named "Cats Project", and the drug is expected to be launched on the market in 2020. “We have made significant progress in this direction, there are already serious publications,” the rector said. According to him, work on the prevention of allergies is carried out step by step, they began with allergies to cats, then they will move on to other types of allergens, for example, pollen. Success in this direction will make it possible to move on to the development of polyvaccines for allergy sufferers, "and such a development already draws at least a Nobel Prize!"
Social elevators and social package
According to Glybochko, the highest publication activity at the university is in those departments where younger scientists work. And among the students of the university there are many who are aimed at scientific activity. And for them, the university is trying to create social lifts: it accepts for postgraduate studies, assigns them to supervisors-professors, and finds jobs in its departments after defending a dissertation.
In addition, it is necessary to form a standard social package for graduates of medical universities and create conditions for career development, says Petr Glybochko. The regions already have successful experience in supporting young specialists, but there is no systematic approach at the federal level to this issue, the rector said.
In his opinion, the obligatory social package should consist of service housing and benefits for its payment, payment of "lifting" for employment, as well as regular incentive bonuses for work in remote settlements. In addition, career prospects are very important for many young doctors, the rector said. And this means that the "social package" should include the opportunity to obtain the qualification of a specialist doctor at the expense of targeted funds of the regional budget and a guaranteed job after completing residency training. “Without the creation of a system of incentives for graduates of medical universities, it will not be possible to resolve the issue of personnel shortage. It is necessary to motivate young people of today to work in the field of health care in any part of the country,”says Petr Glybochko.
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