Tall People Are More Likely To Get Cancer

Table of contents:

Tall People Are More Likely To Get Cancer
Tall People Are More Likely To Get Cancer
Video: Tall People Are More Likely To Get Cancer
Video: Tall People Are More Likely To Get Cancer 2023, February
Anonim

Tall people are more likely to get cancer

Tall people are more likely to develop cancer because they have more cells that can undergo dangerous mutations, a new American study suggests.

Tall people are more likely to get cancer
Tall people are more likely to get cancer

A still from the TV series "Twin Peaks". Photo: Google Images /

Tall people are more likely to develop cancer because they have more cells that can undergo dangerous mutations, a new American study suggests.

There have been previous studies on the relationship between human growth and cancer risk. Some scientists have suggested that for every 10 cm above average, the risk of developing cancer increases by about 10%. Large breeds are also more at risk of developing cancer in dogs than small dogs. Biological reasons for this link may be growth hormones, which can also increase the risk of cancer. Childhood nutrition and illness, experts say, may also play a role in this case.

The study's lead author Leonard Nunney, a professor at the University of California, argues that, according to one of their main hypotheses, something that happens at an early age associated with increased growth makes cells more susceptible to cancer. The results are published in the latest issue of Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

From the time humans go from zygote to adulthood, mutations accumulate inside cells, Nanni said. These mutations then continue throughout life. If these mutations are dangerous, cancers can develop. Since tall people have more cells, they also have more cell divisions. Thus, being tall can increase your risk of cancer.

In the study, scientists compared the overall risk of developing any type of cancer and analyzed it based on a person's height. Data were collected from previous studies in Korea, Norway, Sweden and Austria. In the model developed by scientists, the number of body cells was taken into account. The results of the analysis of the model showed that the additional risk of developing cancer in women is 13% for every 10 cm of height above average. In men, the predicted increase in cancer risk is 11% for every 10 cm of growth. In real life, women are about 12% more likely to develop cancer for an extra 10cm, and men are 9% more likely to develop cancer.

High growth was associated with 18 of the 23 cancers in the study. For example, cervical cancer, which causes the human papillomavirus (HPV), turned out to be unrelated to growth. On the other hand, there is a significant relationship between tall stature and melanoma, which may be related to higher levels of IGF-1 growth hormone, as it can increase the rate of cell division.

The most common cancers associated with tall women were cancers of the thyroid, skin, colon, ovary, breast, uterus, and lymphoma. In men, thyroid cancer, skin cancer, colon cancer, kidney cancer, tumors of the biliary tract and central nervous system. No association with high growth was found in tumors of the esophagus, stomach, oral cavity and gastric cancer in men.

Nanni explained that the number of cells itself plays a role in this case. At the same time, according to him, it does not matter whether the high growth is due to good nutrition or genetics, only the number of cells is important. He also added that men are more likely to develop cancer associated with tall stature.

According to Georgina Hill of Cancer Research UK, this study should not be alarming for tall people. She argues that the increase in risk is not significant, and in addition, it is possible to reduce the risk of cancer, for example, by quitting smoking and maintaining a healthy weight.

Popular by topic