Everything You Need To Know About Moles And Papillomas

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Everything You Need To Know About Moles And Papillomas
Everything You Need To Know About Moles And Papillomas

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Everything you need to know about moles and papillomas

In the WHO classification, there are about 300 names of what a person who is not associated with dermatology is used to calling a mole. How does a mole differ from a papilloma, are these formations dangerous, and is it worth removing them, Vyacheslav Lisovoy, an active member of the Eurasian Federation of Oncologists (EAFO), an oncologist-surgeon of the European Clinic, told MedNews.

Everything you need to know about moles and papillomas
Everything you need to know about moles and papillomas

Vyacheslav Lisovoy / 1035

In the WHO classification, there are about 300 names of what a person who is not associated with dermatology is used to calling a mole. How does a mole differ from a papilloma, are these formations dangerous, and is it worth removing them, Vyacheslav Lisovoy, an active member of the Eurasian Federation of Oncologists (EAFO), an oncologist-surgeon of the European Clinic, told Mednovosti.

The medical name for a mole is nevus. Each nevus is, in fact, a benign tumor resulting from a mutation in skin cells. Nevi are of two types: pigmented dark and non-pigmented light. In fact, the color spectrum of moles is very wide: from dark brown to pale pink. The appearance of moles on the body is associated with many factors. It may be a genetic predisposition - sometimes children develop nevi in ​​the same places as their parents; exposure to ultraviolet radiation, because it activates the production of melatonin; hormonal changes or certain medications, such as steroids. For the most part, moles are not dangerous, do not have any special function, and are just an accumulation of pigment.

Which mole is dangerous?

An experienced oncologist will notice a dangerous nevus right away. A special test system ABCD was developed in the USA. This system makes it easy enough to understand when it is time to consult with a specialist. Each letter in this abbreviation denotes a key feature to pay attention to.

A (asymmetry) - asymmetry of the neoplasm,

  • B (boundary) - boundaries, their uneven contours,
  • C (color) - color: not uniform, but alternating areas with different colors,
  • D (dimention) - maximum horizontal dimension (more than 6 mm).

But it is not worthwhile to diagnose yourself on your own, in the presence of one or another risk factor, the nevus will not necessarily turn into melanoma. Even if there are several factors, it still doesn't say anything. Therefore, in order to be sure of your safety, you should regularly check with a specialist, on average once a year.

The risk group also includes people with a large number of moles - more than 50, and those who have a genetic predisposition to skin cancer. If a nevus is uncomfortable, damaged, or too vulnerable, it is recommended to remove it because a multiple injured mole has an increased risk of converting to melanoma. But the appearance of hair on the neoplasm is a sign of a benign nevus and is normal.

There is a misconception that removing a nevus can provoke the development of cancer in this place. But the development of the disease is not caused by the removal of the mole, but too late and superficial removal of the already formed melanoma

How is a papilloma different from a mole?

Papilloma is a colorless "fungus" on the leg, the appearance of which is caused by the ingestion of the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV can penetrate the skin if it is damaged or due to sexual transmission. Most often, papillomas appear in the neck, armpit and chest. They can be distinguished from a nevus by the presence of a characteristic "leg" in the neoplasm.

The human papillomavirus has 27 species and more than 150 strains, some of which have oncogenic properties. For example, HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35 and 39 are considered the leading cause of cervical cancer. At the same time, people infected with these types of viruses may not have any external manifestations. Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved HPV vaccinations for men and women between the ages of 27 and 45. Previously, this vaccine was recommended only for adolescents and people under 26 years old.

In addition to dangerous strains of the virus, they are widespread and quite harmless, for example, such as the usual banal herpes, which almost everyone has. Papillomas can also occur when the immune system is weakened, during pregnancy and childbirth, due to hormonal changes in the body.

Do I need to remove papillomas?

Papillomas that appear as a result of a weakened immune system, with the necessary treatment and elimination of the cause, can disappear by themselves. The group of neoplasms that do not need to be removed also includes papillomas in minor children. Most often, the cause of their occurrence is the undeveloped immune system of a teenager. The rest of the papillomas should be removed, at least for aesthetic reasons. It is recommended to remove neoplasms that are in vulnerable places and can be injured. At the same time, in no case should you self-medicate and try to get rid of neoplasms yourself, tearing them off, cauterizing or using other "folk" methods.

Methods for removing moles and papillomas

There are many ways to remove both nevi and papillomas. One of the most common methods is laser removal. The procedure is bloodless and is performed under local anesthesia. Its advantages include sterility, quick recovery, safety for the skin. After exposure to the laser, no trace remains on the skin.

The cryodestructive method is often used : removal of neoplasms with liquid nitrogen. The procedure is very quick, takes no more than five minutes, but is painful enough without adequate anesthesia. After removal, a crust forms at the site of the mole, which subsequently disappears. This method is contraindicated for people with individual cold intolerance.

There is also radio wave removal of moles, when the affected area of ​​the skin is dissected using radio waves. The procedure is painless, but, unlike nitrogen removal, healing occurs quite quickly, the crust disappears within a week.

The most reliable method of removal is surgery. It is suitable for large lesions, difficult cases and suspected cancer. But at the same time, although the operation is fast enough, the healing process will take several weeks. A small scar may remain after the operation. Therefore, if possible, it is better to choose other methods to remove small moles on the face.

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