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Nobel Prize in Medicine awarded to authors of innovative cancer treatment
The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to University of Texas Professor James Allison and Kyoto University Professor Tasuku Honjo for pioneering research in cancer treatment. The scholars shared the prize of SEK 9 million (approximately $ 1.01 million).
James Allison and Tasuku Honjo. Photo: Nobel Prize / Twitter /
The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to University of Texas Professor James Allison and Kyoto University Professor Tasuku Honjo for pioneering research in cancer treatment. The scholars shared the prize of SEK 9 million (approximately $ 1.1 million).
The trials of the winners have been called by the Nobel Committee "landmark in our fight against cancer." Their checkpoint theory of the immune response "was revolutionary for cancer treatment and fundamentally changed the way we look at the possibility of fighting cancer," CNN was quoted as saying.
Working separately, Drs. Ellison and Honjo demonstrated in the 1990s how certain proteins work as "brakes" that prevent T lymphocytes, cells of the immune system, from killing cancer cells. Suppressing these proteins can alter the body's ability to fight cancer.
This discovery is currently being applied, for example, in the treatment of one of the most malignant tumors, melanoma. The existing method of treatment can help only a part of patients with this disease so far, but it helps a number of patients very well.
Upon receiving the award, Dr. Honjo said he was going to continue research that would save an unprecedented number of cancer patients.
Congratulating the winners, Professor Charles Swanton of Cancer Resrsrch UK said:
“Through this fundamental work, we have the power of the immune system in the fight against cancer, which has been released and directed towards a treatment that continues to save patients' lives. For patients with advanced lung cancer, kidney cancer and melanoma who no longer had treatment options, they changed perspectives.”