Preparing For The First Wave Of Influenza: 6 Tips For Prevention

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Preparing For The First Wave Of Influenza: 6 Tips For Prevention
Preparing For The First Wave Of Influenza: 6 Tips For Prevention

Video: Preparing For The First Wave Of Influenza: 6 Tips For Prevention

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Preparing for the first wave of influenza: 6 tips for prevention

The flu season is just around the corner: according to forecasts, the first wave of the disease is expected in mid-autumn. According to Rospotrebnadzor, more than 10% of the population - 14-15 million people - fall ill with influenza every year. In this regard, we would like to remind you of several important principles of influenza prevention.

Preparing for the first wave of influenza: 6 tips for prevention
Preparing for the first wave of influenza: 6 tips for prevention

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The flu season is just around the corner: according to forecasts, the first wave of the disease is expected in mid-autumn. According to Rospotrebnadzor, more than 10% of the population - 14-15 million people - fall ill with influenza every year. In this regard, we would like to remind you of several important principles of influenza prevention.

1. Get a flu vaccine. A yearly flu shot is the most important preventive step. As viruses continue to evolve and mutate, the World Health Organization regularly updates its vaccine formulation guidelines.

Currently, in Moscow and the Moscow region, you can get vaccinated free of charge in any clinic by contacting a therapist or doctor on duty. In addition, mobile points operate. The regions received enough vaccines for children in early September.

The flu 'high season' starts in October and ends in March (although it can be contracted any time of the year), so medical experts recommend getting vaccinated by the end of October.

2. Keep your hands clean. Hands should be cleaned regularly and thoroughly, especially after touching objects in public areas such as railings, doorknobs, handrails, etc. The fact is that the largest number of microbes enter the nasopharynx, moving from the infected surface, first to the hands, and then to the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose. Try not to touch your face with your hands,

Hand sanitizers can be used once or twice a day, but the best way to clean your hands is to wash them regularly. Earlier, we wrote about the technique of hand washing, finding out that 97% of people do it wrong.

3. Observe the "cough etiquette". Andrew Pekosz, professor of molecular microbiology and immunology at Johns Hopkins University, explains: “A sneeze or cough fills the air with particles and droplets. Some of them may freeze for a considerable time after you cough."

When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a cloth or tissue and dispose of it properly. This is the least that can be done, since viruses are spread from an infected person not only through coughing, but even through breathing, according to a study by the University of Meryland.

4. The sick person should avoid contact with others. Stop going to work or school if you develop flu symptoms. You should not appear in public places until 24 hours after the temperature has returned to normal.

5. Antiviral drugs. Antiviral drugs for influenza are prescription medications. The doctor can prescribe them both as a preventive form of treatment, and for those who are already ill with a severe course of the disease.

As a prophylaxis for the disease, these drugs are effective within the first day after infection. Their timely application can stop the disease. But don't use them yourself. It is better to consult a doctor when the first symptoms appear. In addition, unfortunately, the action of these drugs is selective, it is limited only to the influenza type A virus, that is, in certain cases, help cannot be expected from them. They are also known for their side effects.

6. You need to eat right and be physically active. Keeping the immune system in good shape not only reduces the chances of infection, but makes the disease easier.

"Exercise is an immune stimulant and can be beneficial if you feel good enough to do it," says Dr. Frank Lipman, an integrative and functional medicine physician in New York City.

A combination of physical activity and a healthy diet rich in vitamin C and zinc is especially beneficial.

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