WHO: Too Many Men In Europe Die Too Early From Preventable Causes

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WHO: Too Many Men In Europe Die Too Early From Preventable Causes
WHO: Too Many Men In Europe Die Too Early From Preventable Causes

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WHO: too many men in Europe die too early from preventable causes

These findings are contained in a report presented to the ministerial meeting on priority health issues in the European Region. Despite the increase in overall life expectancy, many men die too young, and the reason lies not only in biology. Moreover, in the eastern countries of the region, including the Russian Federation, the risk of premature death is significantly higher than in western countries.

WHO: too many men in Europe die too early from preventable causes
WHO: too many men in Europe die too early from preventable causes

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These findings are contained in a report presented at the 68th session of the WHO Regional Committee for Europe in Rome, the annual ministerial meeting on priority health issues in the European Region. Despite the increase in overall life expectancy, many men die too young, and the reason lies not only in biology. At the same time, in the eastern countries of the region, including Russia, the risk of premature death of men is much higher than in western countries.

The first WHO report on men's health and well-being in 53 countries in the European Region was prepared with the aim of adopting a regional Strategy on this issue. The leading causes of death among men aged 30-59 are cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes and respiratory disease. “The European Region is an impressive example of the reduction in premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases,” said Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe. “However, too many men die young from these diseases, without proper treatment, and as a result of injury. The report helps to understand their specific needs, as well as how to ensure gender-appropriate measures to preserve the life and health of men.”

The serious effects of male risk factors have been known for so long that they are considered to be almost biologically determined, but the differences between the health status and life expectancy of men in different countries indicate that this is not the case

The report notes a large gap in men's health across the European Region, and as a result, a 17-year difference in life expectancy across countries - from 64.7 years in Turkmenistan to 81.2 years in Switzerland. Healthy life expectancy also varies significantly - from 58.7 to 72.4 years. Russia occupies the penultimate place in this rating (66 and 59 years, respectively).

Overall, in the eastern part of the region, 37% of deaths associated with noncommunicable diseases occur before the age of 60, in Western Europe this figure is 13%. In some countries in the eastern part of the region, the risk of a man dying prematurely from cardiovascular diseases is seven times higher than in the western part.

However, it cannot be denied that prevailing gender norms and roles continue to affect people's health and well-being. Regardless of socioeconomic status, men smoke more, eat less healthy foods, drink more alcohol, and are more prone to injury and interpersonal violence than women, and gender-based occupational segregation means that men's health loss is partly related to accidents and injuries. workplace. Recent data show that:

Three quarters of road traffic victims are men under the age of 25.

  • Smoking is the main risk factor for men in Western and Central Europe, accounting for 14.2% to 19.2% of the years of life that men lose due to illness or premature death.
  • Alcohol and drug use is a major risk factor for men in Eastern Europe, accounting for 23.7% of life years lost.
  • Eating habits are the main risk factor for men in Central Asia, accounting for 17.2% of life years lost.
  • Throughout the WHO European Region, high blood pressure is the main metabolic risk factor for men (it accounts for 14.81% of life years lost), and the prevalence of this pathology is higher in men than in women.

In addition, men are less likely than women to seek medical attention. They subjectively rate their health as better, complain less that their health needs are not being met, and are more likely to receive informal health care.

For example, men who experience severe emotional problems and symptoms of depression often go undiagnosed because they don't take these conditions seriously. Failure to recognize mental health problems contributes to an increase in the number of suicides, which are five times more among men aged 30-49 than among women of the same age.

In addition, men with high blood pressure face barriers to accessing health care. Recent evidence suggests that the diagnosis, treatment and management of hypertension can be improved in many countries.

This report demonstrates that the key factors influencing men's health and well-being are financial well-being, educational attainment, long-term unemployment, social bonds, and living conditions. Improving the general welfare of the country's citizens reduces the overall mortality rate, halves the risk of depression and suicide, and also reduces the risk of violent death by 40%.

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