You Need To Know To Watch Out For Ovarian Cancer

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You Need To Know To Watch Out For Ovarian Cancer
You Need To Know To Watch Out For Ovarian Cancer
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You need to know to watch out for ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is one of the most "silent" malignant tumors. To recognize it at an early stage and successfully heal, you need to be very careful about every change in the body.

You need to know to watch out for ovarian cancer
You need to know to watch out for ovarian cancer

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Ovarian cancer is one of the most "silent" malignant tumors. To recognize it at an early stage and successfully heal, you need to be very careful about every change in the body. September is celebrated as Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month in many countries. "MedNews" reminds of the possible symptoms of the disease that everyone should know.

According to 2015 statistics, the incidence of ovarian cancer in Russia is one of the highest in the world. It is the third most common cancer of the reproductive system, but it is the number one cause of death. In Russia, ovarian cancer is diagnosed in the early stages in about 38% of cases. When diagnosed in the later stages, the five-year survival rate drops from 80 to 30%.

“Every woman who has had unexplained bloating, stomach upset, abdominal pain, or urge to urinate for several people should see a doctor,” says Dr. Stephanie V. Blank, director of surgical oncology at the medical center. Mount Sinai Health System in the USA. "And if the doctor doesn't take her symptoms seriously, then she should see another doctor."

Too often women are sent to the wrong specialist or told that these symptoms are just a consequence of aging or weight gain, which is wasting valuable time.

Ovarian cancer symptoms

The ovary is a small organ embedded deep in the abdominal cavity, difficult to diagnose and often delayed. Because the prognosis depends on the stage of the cancer, it is important to be able to recognize the following symptoms:

gastrointestinal disorders: indigestion, nausea, and gas;

  • pain or discomfort in the abdomen and pelvis;
  • bloating and swelling in the abdomen and pelvis;
  • a constant feeling of overcrowding;
  • unexplained weight loss or weight loss;
  • an unexpected change in the usual routine of using the toilet;
  • fatigue;
  • any discharge of blood not during menstruation.

Sometimes any woman can get these symptoms, but if they get worse or last more than two weeks, it is imperative to seek medical attention.

Ovarian cancer risk factors

Family and personal history. More than 20% of ovarian cancers are associated with acquired or inherited genetic mutations. The BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are responsible for most of the inherited cancers. The risk of developing cancer during life with a BRCA1 mutation is from 40 to 50%, with a BRCA2 mutation - from 10 to 29%. For comparison, let us report that the average risk of ovarian cancer in women from the general population, that is, without additional risk factors, is less than 2%.

  • Age. Ovarian cancer is not a normal aging disease, but its risk increases with age. Most often, ovarian cancer develops after menopause, with half of the cases occurring in the age of 63 and older.
  • Preventive factors

    Hormonal contraceptives. Long-term use reduces the risk of ovarian cancer by about 50%.

    • Gynecological operations: removal of the uterus (hysterectomy), ligation of the fallopian tubes. Doctors may recommend prophylactic ovarian removal for some women at very high risk.

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