How Does Life In A Big City Affect Us?

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How Does Life In A Big City Affect Us?
How Does Life In A Big City Affect Us?

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How does life in a big city affect us?

A person chooses where to live - in a big city or village. Age, income level, personal interests, risk factors for diseases and long-term goals are some of the many reasons that determine the most suitable environment for a person to live. However, research has revealed certain trends in the study of those who chose the stone jungle.

How does life in a big city affect us?
How does life in a big city affect us?

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A person chooses where to live - in a big city or village. Age, income level, personal interests, risk factors for diseases and long-term goals are some of the many reasons that determine the most suitable environment for a person. However, research has revealed certain trends in the study of those who chose the stone jungle.

According to David Newby, professor of cardiology at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, heavy traffic and high-rise buildings significantly increase our exposure to polluted air. The concentration of pollution in remote rural areas is two times lower than in the city.

The presence of airborne particles and pollutants (including nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide) increases the risk of premature death, as well as the occurrence and development of a number of diseases - lung cancer, type 2 diabetes, asthma, etc.

And while most of us understand the threats posed by air pollution, the impact of noise pollution is underestimated. Simply living near a road exposes a person to a significant increase in traffic and city noise, disrupting the quality of sleep at night, according to researchers at the Brazilian Association of Sleep. The effects of artificial light are also being studied - Stanford Sleep Epidemiology Research Center, California considers it a major factor in worsening sleep among urbanites.

In addition, noise pollution negatively affects the younger generation, disrupting concentration. "It has been found that [children] 's problems with reading, attention, problem solving and memory are mostly due to noise exposure," said Dr. Eoin King, author of Environmental Noise Pollution. “Environmental Noise Pollution”).

It is much more difficult to draw clear conclusions about mental health issues that can be affected by various aspects of urban life. It has been speculated that the presence of large crowds, coupled with the claustrophobic nature of public transport and small living spaces, may lead to increased production of stress hormone cortisol.

For example, some people experience extreme stress and panic attacks while using the London Underground. A study by Dutch scientists from the Amsterdam Institute of Mental Health. Arkin (Arkin Mental Health Institute, Amsterdam) also found higher levels of anxiety and a 39% increase in the risk of mood disorders in urbanites. However, many people say they feel happier and find their lives more meaningful living in the city.

Dr. Andrea Mechelli, a neuroscientist at King's College London, noted that in progressive cities, people from minority groups (such as LGBT people) are more likely to meet like-minded people, experience less isolation and discrimination.

“Another example is that in cities you have more job opportunities, and having a job is key to mental health,” he added.

According to a study by the Center for Children and Families at Georgetown University in Washington (Center for Children and Families - CCF, Georgetown University, Washington), people from rural areas are significantly more likely to face barriers to accessing health care. Children growing up in these areas are less likely than urban areas to receive information and guidance on exercise, nutrition, risk-taking behavior, etc.

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